A chargeback is the reversal of a sale transaction that arises from a processing technicality, a customer dispute or fraudulent activity. All chargebacks are violations of the rules and regulations established by a payment brand, such as Visa®, MasterCard® or debit network.
Chargebacks are something every business wants to avoid, as they can result in lost revenue.
Here are some of the most common reasons why chargebacks happen. Your customer:
Once a customer realizes there is a problem with his or her transaction:
You can receive chargebacks in either one or two ways. If you choose to use our free interactive chargeback management system, you can manage chargebacks and retrievals online. You can view and respond to inquiries, dispute or accept chargebacks, and fulfill retrieval requests. You can even upload scanned sales receipts and/or other documentation.
The online chargeback management system enables clients to:
To subscribe and learn more about the free online chargeback management system, click here or contact Client Services.
If you get a chargeback, and you do not subscribe to our free online chargeback management system, you should receive a Chargeback Document from us via fax or mail. This document informs you that a debit has been made to your business checking account and gives you the option of accepting or contesting the adjustment. If contesting the adjustment, you will be required to respond by providing all specified information requested on the Chargeback Response form.
Note: The debit (removal of funds from merchant account) occurs upon receipt of the chargeback, but this document does not generate until the chargeback has a status of "return to merchant (RTM)."
When we receive a chargeback from the issuing bank, we first look at our own records to try to resolve the chargeback automatically. If we do not have the necessary information, the chargeback will receive a status of "Return to Merchant" and we will send you a Chargeback Document if you manage your chargebacks manually. If you subscribe to our free online chargeback management system, the process can be managed electronically, saving you time and money.
Complete the Chargeback Document with as much information as you have available, and return it to our Chargeback Department using the fax number or physical address on the form.
If you fill out and submit this documentation, the analyst will review your rebuttal to ensure compliance with the payment brand rules and regulations. If your response is consistent with the rules and regulations, then the chargeback is represented for review by the payment brands, and the chargeback funds may be returned to your account.
If you do not fill out and submit this documentation within the timeframes associated to the reason code, then the chargeback automatically moves forward unchallenged and the chargeback funds will not be returned to you.
Chargebacks can cost time and money – while some chargebacks cannot be prevented, many can with comprehensive employee training.
The best way to prevent chargebacks is to establish best practices at the time of sale that are followed consistently by all employees. Here are some tips:
Each chargeback and retrieval request bears a reason code, established by the payment brands. This value reflects why the request or dispute was initiated. The reason code is accompanied by its description on your chargeback documentation.
With card-not-present transaction types, an auto-response to Visa and MasterCard retrievals occur on the client's behalf. If you're using the free online chargeback management system, you can electronically view and respond to retrievals, which are the issuer's requests for additional information about a transaction, usually on behalf of the cardholder. Issuers have the right to initiate a chargeback if the response to a retrieval requests is not timely, legible or valid. So, it's in your best interest to respond to a retrieval request promptly and with as much detail as possible.
Clients who process their chargebacks manually may receive a paper Retrieval Request Notification or a Retrieval Activity Report from us for card-present or all Discover transactions. If you receive one, you'll want to review it carefully and provide the sales receipt before the due date to prevent the initiation of a chargeback.
Retrieval requests are system-generated. The first notification is sent to you at the very beginning of the process. The second notification follows on the seventh day and the third on the fourteenth day. Even though you may have already responded, the notification will be generated until the retrieval has been reviewed by one of our chargeback analysts. The analysts work diligently to review the response, but it may take a few days due to the volume.
If you subscribe to the free online chargeback management system, you can electronically view the first request, due to the tool's operational efficiencies.
Once we receive your faxed chargeback or retrieval response documentation, it is assigned to the queue of a chargeback analyst. They review each fax in the order received and it can sometimes take a day or more, depending on case volume.
If you subscribe the free online chargeback management system, you can check on the case status and review submitted documents online 24/7.
When a cardholder disputes a transaction, the issuing bank credits the cardholder, the payment brands credit the issuer, we credit the payment brands and that same amount is debited from your merchant account. Learn more about preventing chargebacks.
Chargeback funds are processed immediately upon receipt of a chargeback. Chargeback documentation is then generated upon disposition of the chargeback, which could follow several days later. If you suspect you're not receiving the appropriate forms, you should verify your mailing address or fax number with Client Services to ensure we have up-to-date and accurate contact information.
Chargebacks can cost you time and money – subscribe to our free online chargeback management system to guarantee that you have quicker access to your chargeback and retrieval details.
Time frames for chargeback resolution are established by the payment brands. For Discover, MasterCard and Visa transactions, the acquirer has 45 days to respond to the chargeback. We set the client's "Due Date" at 39 days to allow adequate time for review by an analyst. To meet these aggressive time frames, we recommend using our free online chargeback management system to ensure you don't miss a deadline.
For Debit Chargebacks response time is 10 days.
If you have a question about fees or need general support for your existing processing account, you can call Client Services at 1.800.934.7717.